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Medicina: Neuropsicologia cognitiva

phonemic paraphasia clicca per ingrandire
Attestation 3
Part of speech Noun phrase
Definition A production error in which a word is distorted by substituting, transposing, omitting, or adding phonemic elements.
A production error in which a word is distorted by substituting, omitting, transposing or adding phonemic elements, but is made with clear articulation. The target word is still recognizable.
Definition source Loring D.W. 1999
Loring D.W. 1999
Context Often, as experimental design will be set up to allow subjects to repeat a word that they cannot read, where the general procedure is to have the subjects read. All the exemplars are nevertheless grouped together for analysis. Rarely is it asked any more whether, for instance, an apraxic would demonstrate delays in anticipatory coarticulation; when repeating, but not when reading. Nevertheless, once we fully understand the phonetics of the errors, we will be in a better position to truly distinguish apraxia, dysarthria, and true phonemic paraphasia. The technology of the day is allowing us to do precisely this with increasing sophistication and clarity. The emphasis is clearly on the micro-phonetic details and their acoustic and perceptual consequences, rather than on the nature of the elicitation of the speech itself. Consequently, cerebral connectionist accounts of apraxia of speech are, for all intents and purposes, practically nonexistent today.
Context source Sarno 1991
Synonym Literal paraphasia, Phonological paraphasia
Subject field Aphasia
Sub-field (level 1) Aphasiology
Sub-field (level 2) Cognitive neuropsychology
Clinical neuropsychology
Sub-field (level 3) Lexical deficits
Aphasic deficits
Generic concept Paraphasia
Specific concept Insertion, Omission, Neologism, Substitution error, Transposition error, Conduite d’approche, Verbal stereotypy
Related concept Semantic paraphasia, Verbal paraphasia
Causal relation Phonemic jargon
it Parafasia fonemica
Reliability code 3

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