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Medicina: Neuropsicologia cognitiva

semantic paraphasia clicca per ingrandire
Attestation 3
Part of speech Noun phrase
Phraseology To induce a semantic paraphasia.
Definition An error in which the target word is substituted with a semantically related word.
A production error in which a word semantically related to the target is substituted for the intended word (e.g. “art” for pencil).
Definition source Vista-Mead 2001
Vista-Mead 2001
Context Wernicke’s aphasics usually execute the mechanics of writing easily with their dominant hand-in cursive, well-formed letters-showing an analogy to their facile articulation of speech. Moreover, their writing shows the same propensity for semantic paraphasia, neologistic jargon, and paragrammatic sentence forms, as does their speech. The writing, however, is reduced in speed and quantity from normal levels. The narrative writing of Wernicke’s aphasics has shorter runs of grammatically coherent words than does their speech. At the same time, the repetitious use of low-information verbs and vague nouns is reduced in their writing as compared with their speech (Goodglass & Hunter, 1970).
Context source Sarno 1991
Synonym Semantic error, Semantic disorder
Antonym Verbal paraphasia
Subject field Aphasia
Sub-field (level 1) Aphasiology
Sub-field (level 2) Cognitive neuropsychology
Sub-field (level 3) Lexical deficits
Generic concept Paraphasia, Deficit of the semantic system
Related concept Phonemic paraphasia, Cliché, Anomia
Causal relation Semantic jargon
it Parafasia semantica
Reliability code 3

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