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Medicina: Neuropsicologia cognitiva

substitution error clicca per ingrandire
Attestation 3
Part of speech Noun phrase
Definition Error which can be due to phonemic substitution.
Error characterized by the collocation of some elements within a word, or by a substitution of words with other words which present the same root. Substitution errors are due to the patient’s inability to activate the verbal output.
Definition source Vista-Mead 2001
Vista-Mead 2001
Context For instance, it confuses the issue when we try to distinguish frontal from posterior syndromes by stating that only posterior cases show selection difficulties; the frontal patient does also. I have seen many posterior cases where there are addition, deletion, and linear types of phonemic paraphasia. It is not diagnostic of any group to show that substitution errors, for example, are more frequent than other error types. Buckingham and Kertesz (1976, p. 52) showed that, of the analyzable phonemic paraphasias of a neologistic jargonaphasic, there were far more substitution errors. Earlier, Blumstein (1973, pp. 46-47) demonstrated that (using her classification of aphasia), when one analyzes the phonemic errors of Broca’s conduction, and Wernicke’s aphasics in terms of substitution, simplification, linear switch (“environment” in Blumstein’s terms), and addition, one finds that all the groups have the same relative difficulty. Each group had more substitution errors, followed by simplifications (deletions), and next by linear switches.
Context source Sarno 1991
Synonym Substitutive error
Subject field Aphasia
Sub-field (level 1) Aphasiology
Sub-field (level 2) Cognitive neuropsychology
Clinical neuropsychology
Sub-field (level 3) Lexical deficits
Aphasic deficits
Generic concept Phonemic paraphasia
Specific concept Phonemic substitution error
Related concept Insertion, Transposition error, Omission, Neologism, Verbal stereotypy, Conduite d’approche
it Errore di sostituzione
Reliability code 3

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